Scientific Names of Plants, Trees, Fruits, Spices & Vegitables

Scientists have given each and every recognised species on earth its own
scientific names
scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid confusion. At the simplest level of scientific classification, each scientific name consists of two parts - a generic (or genus) name and a specific name or epithet. Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial. The generic name refer to collective name for a group of organism, here, plants and animals. Group of organisms have similar characters and are represented by the generic name. They all evolve from one common ancestor. The specific name distinguish between different organism with a genus. The first part of the scientific name are always written with the generic name first. It starts with capital letters. 
                                               For example, Pyrus. The second part, specific name (epithet) following the generic name is written in lower case letter. For example, malus.Thus, full scientific name of Apple will be Pyrus malus. 

Following is the list of common scientific name mostly asked in the competitive exam.


Scientific Names of Vegetables
S.No
Common Name
Scientific Name
1
Brinjal
Solanum melongena
2
Capsicum
Capsicum fruitscence
3
Carrot
Daucas carota
4
Cucumber
Cucumis sativas
5
Onion
Allium cepa
6
Potato
Solanum tubersum
7
Radish
Raphanus sativus
8
Spinach
Lactuca sativa
9
Tomato
Lycopersican esculentum
Scientific Names of Cereal, Pulses, Millets
S.No
Common Name
Scientific Name
1
Black Gram
Plasoes Mungo
2
Bean
Fabaceae
3
Cabbage
Brassica oleracea
4
Green Gram
Phaseolies auicus
5
Horse Gram
Dolichos biffoeus
6
Jowar
Sorghum Vulgare
7
Maize
Zea Mays
8
Red Gram
Cojonus Cgjan
9
Rice
Oryza Sativa, Oryza Glaberrima
10
Wheat
Triticum Aestivum
Scientific Names of Fruits
S.No
Common Name
Scientific Name
1
Apple
Pyrus malus
2
Banana
Musa paradisicum
3
Chiku
Achras sapota
4
Guava
Psidium guava
5
Jack fruit
Artocarpus integra
6
Lemon
Citrus Limonium
7
Mango
Mangifera indica
8
Mulberry
Morus
9
Orange
Citrus aurantium
10
Pear
Pyrus
11
Pineapple
Ananus sativus
12
Pomegranate
Punica granatum
13
Strawberry
Fragaria × ananassa
14
Sweet Patato
Ipomoea batatas
15
Watermelon
Citrullus vulgaris
Scientific Names of Spices
S.No
Common Name
Scientific Name
1
Black Pepper
Piper nigrum
2
Clove
Syzygium aromaticum
3
Garlic
Allium Sativum
4
Ginger
Zingiber officinale
5
Turmeric
Curcuma longa
Scientific Names of  Plants and Trees
S.No
Common Name
Scientific Name
1
Bamboo
Bamboosa Aridinarifolia
2
Banyan
Ficus Benghalensis
3
Coconut
Cocos nucifera
4
Coffee Plant
Coffea spp.
5
Cotton
Gossypium Herbaceum
6
Kadamb
Anthocephalus indicus
7
Lemon
Citrus limonium
8
Neem
Azadhirachta Indica
9
Olive
Olea europaea
10
Peacock Flower (Gulmohar)
Delonix regia rafin
11
Peanut
Arachis hypogaea
12
Peepal
Ficus religiosa Linn.
13
Purple orchid tree (Kachnar)
Bauhinia purpurea
14
Rose
Rosa
15
Saffron
Crocus sativus
16
Sandalwood
Santalum Album
17
Silver Oak
Grevillea robusta
18
Sugarcane
Saccharum
19
Sunflower
 Helianthus annuus
20
Tamarind tree
Tamarindus indica
21
Tea
 Camellia sinensis
22
Teak
Tectona grandis Linn.
23
Tobacco
Nicotina Tobaccum
24
Tulsi
Ocimum Sanctum

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