Fundamental Rights And Duties Of Indian Citizens

The Fundamental Rights
          The Fundamental Rights are embodied in Part III of the Constitution.The purpose of the Fundamental Rights is to preserve individual liberty and democratic principles based on equality of all members of society.  
Following are the seven fundamental rights which were originally provided by the Constitution :– 

  • Right to equality
  • Right to freedom
  • Right against exploitation
  • Right to freedom of religion
  • Cultural and educational rights
  • Right to property
  • Right to constitutional remedies

However, the Right to property was removed from Part III of the Constitution by the 44th Amendment in 1978

The Fundamental Duties
GK Que on Fundamental Rights And Duties Of Indian Citizens
Fundamental Rights And Duties

The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976 by recommendations of the Swaran Singh Committee. Originally ten  Fundamental Duties was added to the Constitution later  increased to eleven by the 86th Amendment in 2002. The Fundamental Duties noted in the constitution are as follows:-
It shall be the duty of every citizen of India —

  • To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.
  • To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.
  • To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.
  • To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.
  • To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.
  • To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.
  • To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures.
  • To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.
  • To safeguard public property and to abjure violence.
  • To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement.
  • Who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward, as the case may be, between the age of six to fourteen years. 

No comments:

Post a Comment